Critically expose the problem of evil

What would it look like for God to have a morally sufficient reason for allowing evil. Put technically, it is an argument from silence or lack of evidence: Now let's consider the philosophically more important world W3. Susan Wolf offers a variant of this argument.

This, however, is contrary to Isaiah 6: However, since MSR2 deals with the logical problem of evil as it pertains to natural evil which claims that it is logically impossible for God and natural evil to co-existit only needs to sketch a possible way for God and natural evil to co-exist.

References and Further Reading a. For example Eve Garrard has suggested that schoolyard bullies perform evil actions even though they do not cause very much harm Garrard45while Stephen de Wijze has argued that torturing and killing what you know to be a lifelike robot would be evil even if the robot has no conscious life De WijzeThus, this is not the best possible world.

She is not simply lacking in kindness or compassion. A version by William L. If there exists an omnipotent, omnibenevolent and omniscient God, then no evil exists.

It would also negate the idea that evil is an absence of good. An instance of pointless suffering would be one that God "could have prevented without thereby losing some greater good" Rowe However, they reveal that some of the central claims of his defense conflict with other important theistic doctrines.

According to classical theism, believers in heaven will somehow be changed so that they will no longer commit any sins. Critics argue that the problem with action-based accounts is that it seems sufficient for evil personhood to have evil feelings or motivations, and thus, evil persons need not perform, or be disposed to perform, evil actions.

Plantinga claims that if someone is incapable of doing evil, that person cannot have morally significant free will. The natural reading in each of these passages is that the people being chastised can respond in the way the Lord wants them to.

Leibniz on the Problem of Evil

Although neither naturalism nor theism has been proven to be true or false, Draper argues that the ratio of the probability of naturalism is much greater than the ratio of the probability of theism.

Granting Plantinga's assumption that human beings are genuinely free creatures, the first thing to notice about W2 is that you and I would not exist in such a world.

However, Draper points out that no one has yet to offer solid reasons why evolution could not have achieved the complexity seen in the human eye.

Obviously this argument is valid, but the terms must be clarified to understand the full power of this demonstration.

If that freedom were to be taken away, we might very well cease to be the creatures we are. Moreover, when they do wrong, they can be rightly blamed or punished for their actions.

On a larger scale, man must learn how to live the good life as God sees fit. Since psychopaths seem to be completely indifferent to whether their actions are right or wrong, motivational internalists believe that they do not truly believe, or understand, that what they do is morally wrong.

Horrible things of all kinds happen in our world—and that has been the story since the dawn of civilization. No logician can do it either. Christians, however, say the anti-theists, also should believe that: It only shows that it could be worse, there could be no resulting good.

Two sorts of responses can be given to these sorts of cases. If there is any blame that needs to go around, it may be that some of it should go to Mackie and other atheologians for claiming that the problem of evil was a problem of inconsistency. Although there are many possible worlds that contain moral good without moral evil, this world does not have to be the best of all possible worlds.

Compatibilists assert that moral agents God, angels, and men choose, but that choosing per se and choosing indeterminately are not synonymous. They reason as follows: Any two or three of them might be true at the same time; but there is no way that all of them could be true.

Evil-skepticism is not as broad. They note that philosophers have always believed it is never rational to believe something contradictory. But then the actualization of a world W containing moral good is not up to God alone; it also depends upon what the significantly free creatures of W would do.

Unlike Plantinga's response to the logical problem of evil, which is merely a "defense" (that is, a negative attempt to undermine a certain atheological argument without offering a positive account of why God allows evil and suffering), Hick's response is a "theodicy" (that is, a more comprehensive attempt to account for why God is justified in allowing.

Philosophy of Religion

Exposing The Problem Of Evil. K likes. EMMANUEL SAGWETE () DPL PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION FR. A. RUTSVIGA 28 OCTOBER Critically expose the problem of is a privation of the good.

The problem of evil “arises from the paradox of an omnibenevolent, omnipotent deity’s allowing the existence of evil” (Pojman ).The Judeo-Christian tradition. In another article, “The Problem of Evil,” by P.J. McHugh (), the same argument was put forward about the problem of evil. As stated by McHugh (), the common ground of all who believe why God allows evil to prosper in this world is the free-will defence.

ALVIN PL ANTINGA ON THE PROBLEM OF EVIL: AN EXAMINATION Dr. Tamunosiki V. Ogan Department of Philosophy, University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria Abstract The existence of God is an enduring and popular philosophical problem that entwines with many aspects of human experience.

One of these aspects is the reality or experience of evil. Chapter 3: Philosophy of Religion. Proofs for the Existence of God. The Problem of Evil. There is an argument that is advanced in order to prove that either there is no god at all or that the god of the western religions can not exist.

Critically expose the problem of evil
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Philosophy of Religion » The Problem of Evil