Islamic civilization also benefited from the Greco-Roman tradition, especially in the areas of Greek science and philosophy. Justinian, the great law-giver, is portrayed as a hateful tyrant, married to ex-prostitute, Theodora.
The Roman citizens were angry with Justinian about the high taxes for the war effort, and he was becoming unpopular.
In terms of commerce, Charlemagne standardized the minting of coins based on the silver standard. Empress Theodora refused to leave Constantinople in the wake of the Nika Riot. Seeing his wife's courage, Justinian decided to stay. Visit Website Did you know.
His followers and loyal subjects followed suit and embraced Roman Christianity. Mosaics are made from pieces of glass or stone and glued together. Their religious beliefs were, for the most part, similar to those of the peasants.
Building, Religion, and the Arts Justinian had a passion for the arts and for religion.
Religious relations with Rome[ edit ] Consular diptych displaying Justinian's full name Constantinople From the middle of the 5th century onward, increasingly arduous tasks confronted the emperors of the East in ecclesiastical matters.
Empress of Byzantium by Paolo Cesaretti. Charlemagne The Frankish Mayors of the Palace represented a new aristocracy -- the class of warriors. It was so well written that it became the basis of laws for many countries throughout the world.
Furthermore, Justinian restored cities damaged by earthquake or war and built a new city near his place of birth called Justiniana Primawhich was intended to replace Thessalonica as the political and religious centre of Illyricum. Thomas Aquinas managed to blend Aristotle, a pagan philosopher, with Christianity.
Constantinople became the sole capital of the Empire and remained so until the late 8th century when Charlemagne strengthened the Frankish Kingdom.
The real impact of the Franks upon Western Europe dates from the yearwhen the Frankish king Clovis assumed the throne. Their raids were so terrible that European peasants would burn their fields and destroy their villages rather than give them over. As western Europe fell to the Germanic invasions, imperial power shifted to the Byzantine Empire, that is, the eastern part of the Roman Empire, with its capital at Constantinople.
During Justinian's reign, the Blues and Greens were the dominant teams. Early Life Unlike most of the great rulers during the Middle Ages, Justinian was not born into a royal family.
By the yearthe Frankish kingdom included all of modern France, Belgium, Holland, Switzerland, almost all of Germany and large areas of Italy and Spain. Clovis turned his wars of aggression and conquest into holy wars. The Franks expanded their territory to the west -- from Germany into what is now modern France.
By the mids, Justinian had won victories in most theatres of operation, with the notable exception of the Balkanswhich were subjected to repeated incursions from the Slavs. Other schools in Constantinople, Antioch, and Alexandria, which were the centers of Justinian's empire, continued.
InChristianity had been proclaimed the official religion of the eastern Empire.
The Corpus, written in Latin, became the standard legal work until the middle of the 19th century. In fact, it has been said that his desire to restore the former Roman Empire was an obsession.
The war effort to take back the western part of the empire forced Justinian to raise taxes on the people of the Byzantine Empire. Religion as well as law served Justinian's efforts to centralize the imperial office. Each son would be given land for use only. Known as decurions, they made up the intellectual and economic elite of the Empire.
It was the clergy who held a monopoly on knowledge, religious beliefs and religious practice. Whereas Justinian adopted a policy of voluntary Jewish conversion, the later emperors ordered all Jews to be baptized, and granted tax breaks to those who voluntarily complied. Justinian set out to rebuild the city after the the Nika Riots.
The Byzantine chariot teams were named after colors: InBelisarius sailed to Africa with a fleet of 92 dromonsescorting transports carrying an army of about 15, men, as well as a number of barbarian troops.
In Justinian's day, a man could have spent a lifetime studying the laws without ever mastering them. Justinian I and Charlemagne The Early Life of Justinian I he appointed Justinian as his co-regent, and upon his death, Justinian succeeded the throne in A.D. and became Emperor.
Charlemagne Justinian I Also known as Justinian the Great Byzantine Emperor The Reign of Charlemagne Justinian's Rule. An accessible introduction to Justinian's reign and his time.
Justinian and His Age by Percy Neville Ure. The story of the 6th century emperor who attempted to revive the Roman Empire in Byzantium after the fall of Rome to the Goths and Vandals.
Justinian was born Flavius Peterus Sabbatius, the son of a farmer whose childless uncle was on his way to becoming Emperor Justin I. Justinian was called to the capital in his teens and given the. The reign of Justinian was an extremely significant period. It marked the final end of the Roman empire; the establishment of the new, Byzantine empire; the beginning of Western Europe's unique position within the civilizations of the Old World; and made possible the spread of Islam and the rise of the Franks.
Charlemagne focused on political reforms such as the inclusion of counts, scutage, and missi dominici. He played a major role in the unification of his territory by stationing counts where the kingdom was weak and using the Church to promote this stability.
Justinian I reigned as emperor of the Byzantine Empire from to CE. Born around CE in Tauresium, a village in Illyria, his uncle Emperor Justin I was an imperial bodyguard who reached the throne on the death of Anastasius in CE. Justinian is considered one of the most important late Roman and Byzantine emperors.History of the reign of emperor justinian and the reign of emperor charlemagne